Dreams, Optimism, Wisdom

COSMIC LINKS April 1, 2011


Erle Frayne D. Argonza / Guru Ra

Fellows, Brothers and Sisters, here are some information about internet sites where you can find the reads & services of teachers &/or masters.

Happy surfing!


Erle Frayne Argonza Sites

Teachers & Masters’ Sites

Ascended Masters archives:

Drunvalo Melchizedek, Teacher and Melchizedek priest:

Gems of the Hermits lessons’ archives:

Guriji Krishnananda, Master based in India, of the Saptarishis line:,

Kriya Yoga, system taught by Mahavatar Babaji, Sri Yutekswar Giri, Paramahansa Yogananda:

Light Ascension site:

Lighthouse Summit, dedicated to the works of the late Masters Mark and Claire Prophet:

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, late Asian Master:

Mahatma Gandhi’s service group:

Maitreya’s channeled messages:

Radha Soami Satsang Beas:

Rajesh Ananda, an Asian Guru:

Sai Baba, the late Indian Master, and his mission group:

Sal Rachele, Teacher and Melchizedek priest:

Self–Realization Fellowship, founded and mentored by the late Master Paramahansa Yogananda:

Sri Aurobindo Society, practitioner of the teachings of the Master Sri Aurobindo:

Theosophical Society, home to works of Blavatsky and founders of theosophy: c/o




Erle Frayne D. Argonza / Ra

Felicitous greetings from a Brother of Light / Adept of the spiritual Brotherhood!

For this piece, I will highlight the scions of the Japan Inc., the sons and daughters of the holy Amaterasu. My chief query most especially for the Japanese is: scions of Amaterasu, where do you go from here?

Japan sits to the north of the once mighty Great Land, the Maharloka of famed supercontinent Mu. The southern rim of Maharloka is today’s Philippine islands, while its northern rim is rightly the Japan islands.

Japan sits in well with me being once a shogun in the chaotic land of feudal Japan. I do honestly feel a sense of ambivalence about Japan, as I was betrayed so badly in the islands after doing what I can to put order in a land that was so marred by chaos and internecine wars among siblings.

Shinto devotees are definitely right in claiming they were created by a goddess named Amaterasu. That’s 100% factual, as Amaterasu of the noble Andromeda galaxy took the task to sponsor the breeding of a new race on Earth. Being the initiator-sponsor of that project, she herself made her presence on Earth to supervise and monitor the conduct of that breeding.

On those remnants of the islands forming Maharloka’s northern rim the Andromedan party chose to breed the new race. Relatively isolated, the project site would fit in to the requirements of a genetic project that would face little risk of being quashed and smashed up by competing races in the emerging continent of Asia. [The Turanians were war-mongering peoples, whose pedigrees are many Mongol peoples and proto-Turks of antiquity.]

The yellow remnants of the ancient Lemurians served as the genetic base from which to genetically engineer the new race. Almost simultaneous with this project, another group of extraterrestrial intelligences or ETIs (Lyrans & Pleadians) were breeding the Malays from out of the dark-skinned Lemurian remnants who were, like their Japanese counterparts, raised in relatively isolated islands.

The breeding of the Nippon genetic strain was conceived by the ascended Master Amaterasu as a synthesis of disparate psychic elements. In a fragmentary state, such elements normally result to violence and wars. In a synthesized state, the propensity for war would decrease, as human proclivities will shift to higher-dimension focus. A spiritual renaissance can then pursue using such a new breed as frame for the nirvana project.

How I wish I could declare totally in synch with the Master Amaterasu’s intentionalities, save for the deviation that went with the project. The Japan that I saw as a young samurai then up though the time of my conquest of the islands as a shogun (thanks to my trusted champions) just doesn’t fit into the Amaterasu mold, to say it frankly.

When I began my life as a mere tot in northern Philippines in this present embodiment, I heard so many gory stories from my grandparents and parents about the miseries they suffered from a conquering Japan in 1941-45. Alas! Japan hasn’t changed much since the hundreds of years that lapsed from my samurai-shogun life there up to the 20th century!

Not only did the synthesized psyche fail to galvanize as much as expected that could have resulted to a peace-loving, evolved, compassionate people. The Japanese people as a whole showed their predatory fangs by bamboozling and exterminating their fellow Asians across wide swaths of territories in the 1930s-‘45.

Andromeda is blameless regarding the ‘fall of Nippon’, to clarify a point. Nippon was “seduced into the Dark Side of the Force,” to use the epical line from Star Wars fame. Even till these days, Adepts of Light in Japan are being seduced into the eastern Luciferan project that desires to finish off the White Man via warfare in a classic feud among the gangs of Darkness.

To say now of a ‘compassionate Japanese’ is wishful thinking. The aid-giving pseudo-philanthropy of Japan towards the developing countries in Asia doesn’t proceed from compassion at all. It is a condescending aid-giving behavior that unconsciously regards aid recipients as sub-humans worth enslaving. No less than Japanese scholars acknowledged this, who forewarned aid recipients to be cautious of the motives of the Japanese aid-providers (Prof. Mamoru Tsuda was one of them).

The predation shown by Nippon’s scions across the centuries could just be the spark to deprogram this race, such as what happened to the Mayans. The time may be coming when Japanese couples may fail to produce babies, as the genetic programming had already run its course on the entire race. Unable to raise babies, an entire race or pedigree would die a natural death.

Is Japan then at the edge of its own evolutionary mission? Already consummated a mission, there is nothing else to go but die out as a race? And perhaps, as articulated by H.P. Blavatsky a century ago, the same goes true for the entire Yellow races and cultures: their time has come?

Will Japan not literally sink down the seabed after the 2012 polar shift-planetary ascension event? Will the Almighty show compassion by intervening to save the islands from sinking, or will that not be necessary as some deserving Japanese will be sheltered in other lands after Japan’s inundation post-polar ice sheets’ melting?

How many are the deserving Japanese at least, in case this is indeed the scenario? For as we Adepts of Light know too well, Japan will go to the seabed and will cease to be habitable, and the bulk of Japanese will choose to exit physically even as a humungous lot will be transferred to other planets fit for their own level of awareness.

Where do you go from here, sons and daughters of Holy Amaterasu? Only you can answer the question best.

[Philippines, 05 August 2010]


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Erle Frayne D. Argonza / Ra


A very pleasant day from this Brother of Light, Melchizedek from Manila!

The dissemination of the Higher Mysteries over the last 120 years or so has already reached a critical mass, with the result that it was during this period when the Christ Grid of Earth was successfully erected. The works of the gurus of Light were very heated during the period, and their feats are recognized and well rewarded by the Almighty Creator.

Among such teachers are those belonging to the order of Swami or Soami, and so let me write my notes of appreciation to the Fellows of the order who prefer to go by the title of Swami. As a messenger & guru of the Brotherhood, I’d say to all the living Swamis of Terra: thank you so much for your great works, please continue with your tasks undaunted by risks put upon your lives now by the unrepentant Fallen Ones.

Around the last quarter of the 19th century, there was a decision from the Christs and Elders of the race to quicken the pace of dissemination of the Higher Mysteries or the Teaching. Those lessons and practices that were concealed from the public for so long, must now be released and disseminated in a concerted and expansive manner.

On the Western side of the world, it was the theosophists under the leadership of HP Blavatsky that served as the lead group for that task. On the Eastern Side, it was the Swami order (inclusive of all of its branches) that was tasked to do the same.

The task was no simple one, as you can understand how the earlier facets of the Teaching were dogmatized by churches and devotees. Releasing the Teaching in a re-engineered form just won’t sit in well with the vulgar spiritualists, and expectedly there were lots of resistance against the guru Adepts who did the dissemination and teaching tasks.

Among the swami orders, it was in the Giri branch where the evolved souls Lahiri Mahayasa, Sri Yutekswar and Paramahansa Yogananda appreared. The Christ of the East, Mahavatar Babaji, mentored guru Lahiri directly, initiated the latter in Kriya, and mandated the same to spread the Teaching in a more expanded form. Lahiri then mentored Sri Yutekswar (who was also mentored eventually by Babaji), who in turn mentored Paramahansa Yogananda (who was likewise mentored later by Babaji directly).

So many noble saints were initiated in the Giri branch alone, which is truly awesome an experience for any seeker. I honestly learned so much from this branch via the teachings of Paramahansa Yogananda ( a condensation of the teachings of Babaji + Lahiri + Sri Yutekswar + Paramahansa Y is Autobiography of a Yogi).

Having thus established contact to the ascended Swamijis via that book, I did ended up being mentored by all of them Above—in the etheric ashrams of the Brotherhood. Lord Babaji is one who I regard as a Dean of the Teaching, and I feel so privileged being mentored by him directly—I was with a Batch of gurus, and the avatar followed up on me by visiting me at home via his higher Light Body.

My mentoring from the ascended Swamijis is actually of a higher order, as I was already doing guru tasks when I faced them circa 2008-09. It was equivalent to taking up a doctorate degree in the Teaching, which honed me all the more as a teacher and is preparatory to my own full ascension to Christed One in due time.

Here in the Philippines, the Swami order did send reinforcements from India who mentored Filipino seekers and devotees. Filipino swamis were already produced in the process, a sign that the mentoring works of the swamijis have paid off well.

I recall visiting the Radha Soami Satsang Beas’ central headquarters in Old Manila in the 90s, purchased and digested a couple of books by their chief guru, books that resonate with the same Light that I found in the writings of great master Adepts. I extend my goodwill to the Manila devotees of the Radha Soami, and unity and Oneness with their guru.

As parting words, to the Swami orders and your respective gurus goes MARAMING SALAMAT (thank you) for all the divine lessons taught and shared selflessly unto enthused seekers of Terra. With you all I proclaim: Ako Yaong Ako! I Am That I Am! Aum.

[Philippines, 31 July 2010]










Erle Frayne D. Argonza / Ra

Magandang gabi! Good evening!

Dusk now rapidly approaches as I write this piece. Each twilight that passes forebodes the crashing of the old world and old selves and the coming of the ascension of the galaxy, universes and our new selves.

At this moment, let me clarify a question about the level of awareness that a seeker ought to set as target. A lady seeker did ask me this question, if she could become a spiritual master someday as the end-goal of the lessons in the Path, which I answered in the affirmative.

Without exception, all seekers that I handle—both here on the physical plane and Above (astral and etheric planes)—are clarified that the Teaching seeks to propel one to metamorphose to nirvana consciousness in the long run. Nirvana is the 5th plane, the first plane among three (3) spiritual planes, and that’s the minimum awareness that a seeker should target in the long run.

Awakening of one’s own nirvanic consciousness means one becomes a Master of Wisdom. This is just the minimum target, to repeat. As one reaches this awareness level, one must go on till the Christ awareness or mahaparanirvana awareness is reached, enabling the aspirant to mutate to an Ascended Master or Christed One.

And that’s not the end of the line. The aspirant, now turned Christed One, should go on in the journey, be bestowed with tasks appurtenant to a Christed One, until sometime in the long run the same aspirant metamorphoses to an Avatar upon the awakening of his/her monad or God-self.

At the inception of the set of lessons, dubbed simply as the Teaching, I make it clear to the seeker that the awareness climb shall in no way fixate the person to the psychic or 5th density level. That level is too low, and it is regressive for a seeker to move to that level more so if s/he had already reached the level of 6th density (genius).

“One seeker must set his/her focus on Trikuti,” said a swami of the Radha Soami order. Set your eyes, dear Seeker, on the nirvanic goal, strive for no other minimum goal than nirvana, and practice the tools handed over to you by your teacher. Don’t ever be remiss in practicing the tools, don’t ever make the mistake of practicing some and junking others (most specially that of deprogramming vices and building virtues), for no one can reach nirvana with an imbalanced practice of the Teaching.

Your Teacher will diligently help you through, by healing your subtle bodies, detoxifying your dense chakras and subtle bodies, zealously guarding you against Evil Masters with his/her own Being (you will come under his/her aura thus shielding you from harmful attacks), taking off some veils in your psyche, and taking a part of your karmas along the way.

Resist every bad attitude, balance off your imbalanced psyche (if you suffer from psychological disorder ailment), resist every messianic delusion of saving others (save yourself most of all and stop thinking of saving your relatives or friends as they have their respective Guides that does the task of ‘saving’), focus on your attainment practices. Along the way, you will see both dark and light veils drop off your inner vision, thus enabling you to perceive realities you have never imagined to see before.

Nirvana, the level that makes one a master of wisdom, is again the minimum goal that one must focus on in the Path. Yes, you can become a master should you persevere and diligently practice the complete set of tools given out to you by your Teacher or guru.

[Philippines, 16 July 2010]







COSMIC JUSTICE October 15, 2010

Erle Frayne D. Argonza / Ra

Magandang gabi! Good evening! Buenas noches!

Among the seekers I’ve handled are lawyers. They and the lawyers among the Light Workers may be interested to know how the justice system extends to the cosmic realm. The proper equation is actually that cosmic justice finds manifestations in the lower regions of existence. ‘As Above, so Below,” says the Teaching.

We have the universal laws governing the diverse realms of omniverse. These laws do find expressions as impregnable rules of conduct in daily life in all the realms. Violating such laws of conduct would be tantamount to incurring debts that must be paid.

In the lower realms, karmic laws do operate. They form part of the broader fabric of Cosmic Justice. The measurements of good and counterproductive conduct are exact, as cosmic justice operates like a gigantic mechanism that measures our conduct and their impact.

Overseeing Cosmic Justice is a synergy of ascended beings. Chief of it all is Lady Justice herself. She is a manifestation of the Divine Mother charged with dispensing justice for all beings in all of the realms. Assisting her are other Hierarchs, inclusive of the Karmic Board which is a cosmic ‘supreme court’ of sorts.

Twelve (12) ascended masters, more or less six (6) males and six (6) females to keep the balance of cosmic energies in the body, comprise the Board. They are also known as the Lords & Ladies of Karma. Lipikas, as they are termed in Asia.

On the celestial realm are the archangels who co-administer the universes and their respective sectors and subsectors. They act as enforces of the Cosmic Law, and are assisted by a diversity of angelic stakeholders, inclusive of ‘blue lightning’ angels, ‘whitefire’ angels, and seraphs. Often such angels are lumped up as ‘warrior’ angels.

There are trillions of souls in our universe alone, billions of whom are in the lower realms. In our astral realm, in a planet there, resides 60 billion souls, many of them waiting to reincarnate on Earth. Imagine the complexity of handling those souls, of keeping track of their records of daily conduct—such records amazingly imprinted in the Akashic Records (in the 4th plane) for retrieval when needed.

Cosmic Justice is indeed so complex a task, that it takes an enormously large number of evolved souls to assist the Karmic Board and Lady Justice do their tasks. On the celestial beings’ side there are also huge numbers of Light beings deputized to assist in the justice works. In organizational language, we call them ‘staff’ (of the K-Board).

There are cases that are definitely very tough to handle. For instance, there was the case of Lucifer who grossly questioned the mandate of Christ Michael as the creator deity of our universe. Undercutting Michael’s authority, he cajoled a very large number of Light beings to join him in his usurpation of authority of the latter and creating a dominion in our universe that is independent of the Almighty Creator’s authority altogether.

In such a case, when ultimately processed and judged, the case is brought forth before the Council of 24 Elders which acts as a ‘supreme court’ of the last instance. Lucifer himself served as the exemplar for that kind of case, as he was arrested and brought forth before the C-24 Elders, and arrogantly never admitting his mistakes nor do penance, was hence effectively deprogrammed.

Many more wayward beings will be processed and judged the way Lucifer passed through.  In legal parlance, a precedence was already set, cosmic jurisprudence therefore built up from the precedence, henceforth preparing the grounds for a broader application of the justice system on erring ‘masters of lesser Light’ (Dark masters).

Most likely too, Lady Justice & K-Board plus their staff are very busy these days. The large task before them is to review the conduct of living by the human and angelic beings altogether. Comes December 21, 2012, judgement will be served on all human and angelic beings.

An immensely complex task it is indeed, given the trillions of souls on both domains. And, well, for those who are on the Path, both human and angelic, there is nothing to worry about. Only those who were very wayward, who consciously did a misqualified use of divine energies 51% of the time, will heavily pay the price of their misdeeds.

On the other hand, those who have been journeying the Path of service-for-others or SFO (contrasted to service-for-self or SFS), will ascend by at least one ‘density’ higher. Light Workers and their equivalents in the angelic realms will enjoy the fruits of divine grace and will ascend upwards by many folds.

As to who will pronounce cosmic judgement on everyone, it will be a team up of cherubs, seraphs, and ophanims more or less. Each one of us will be told of our judgement and where we’re bound to go—to ascend Above? laggards’ planet? negative planet?

Cosmic Justice is still full of God’s mercifulness, as the law says where you go is up to you. No angry God or zealous Justice or avenging K-Board exist in reality, and Hierarchy does not impose laws on conduct upon beings of the lower realms.

Maybe, those informative matters would suffice for the moment. Digest this note well, and rest assured there is a place for everyone else in the Divine Plan. Cosmic Justice is there to ensure balance and harmony will prevail and everyone processed wisely, judiciously, and accordingly.

[Philippines, 17 May 2010]








Erle Frayne Argonza


On a case to case basis, each country has taken certain forms of action regarding climate change. India had recently formulated its action plan for climate change, a plan that served well as input to its cooperative efforts with South Asian countries.


The report is shown below.


Happy reading!


[12 August 2008, Quezon City, MetroManila. Thanks to SciDev database news.]




India launches climate change action plan

T. V. Padma

4 July 2008 | EN

India’s solar mission aims to make its solar energy industry as competitive as its fossil fuel industry


[NEW DELHI] India released its national action plan on climate change this week (30 June) with a focus on harnessing renewable energy rather than stringent emissions targets.

India’s prime minister Manmohan Singh released the plan ahead of his attendance at next week’s (7–9 July) G8 summit in Japan where climate change is expected to be discussed.

The action plan spells out eight priority missions that will promote India’s development objectives, with the “co-benefit” of tackling climate change.

The eight missions are: solar energy, enhanced energy efficiency, sustainable habitats, water conservation, sustaining the Himalayan ecosystem, developing a ‘green’ India, sustainable agriculture and building a strategic knowledge platform on climate change.

“Over a period of time, we must pioneer a graduated shift from economic activity based on fossil fuels to one based on non-fossil fuels, and from reliance on non-renewable and depleting sources of energy to renewable sources of energy,” Singh said.

The missions will be managed by the appropriate ministries, and specific programmes within the missions will be finalised by December.

Of these, solar energy will receive a big thrust. India receives the equivalent of about 5,000 trillion kilowatt hours of energy from the sun each year — 5.5 kilowatt hours per square metre each year — with most areas experiencing clear, sunny weather for 250 to 300 days. 

The solar mission aims to tap this natural resource and make the country’s solar energy industry as competitive as the fossil fuel industry by setting up a new research centre, entering into research collaborations and encouraging technology transfer.

The plan does not spell out greenhouse gas emission targets, but states that per capita emissions in India will not exceed levels in industrialised countries. India is the world’s fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gases in absolute terms, but lies behind the US and Europe in terms of annual per capita emissions it (1.2 tonnes compared to 20 and 9.4 tonnes respectively).

The international environmental organisation Greenpeace, said in a statement that the plan is a “welcome first step” but has some weak areas that need to be addressed.

“The plan lacks clear policy prescriptions and targets for improving energy efficiency and reducing transportation emissions,” Srinivas Krishnaswamy, policy advisor for Greenpeace, India, told SciDev.Net.

“They should have placed more emphasis on mandatory emission standards,” he added. 



Erle Frayne Argonza


Good morning from Manila!


Climate change is among the world’s hottest environmental and developmental issues. Climate change alone has so many facets to it, and some issues are so contentious they border hoax.


Below is a news item from South Asia, concerning concerted efforts by stakeholders to address climate change.


Happy reading!


[13 August 2008, Quezon City, MetroManila. Thanks to SciDev database news.]


South Asian nations join forces to tackle climate change

Source: IRIN

9 July 2008 | EN | 中文

The countries have pledged to improve monitoring and exchange of information on impacts such as rising sea levels

Flickr/Sumaiya Ahmed

South Asian nations have adopted a three-year environmental action plan to reduce the impact of climate change in the region.

Environmental ministers from the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) — Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka — adopted the declaration in Dhaka, Bangladesh, last week (3 July) following a three-day summit.

The action plan covers 2009–2011, with countries pledging to improve monitoring and exchange of information on disaster preparedness and extreme events, meteorological data, information on climate change impacts such as increased sea levels, glacial melting and biodiversity, and capacity for clean development mechanism projects.

The ministers called for more technology to fight climate change and better technology and knowledge transfer between SAARC member states.

They also called for a South Asia fund on climate change, with further discussions scheduled for the next SAARC summit in Colombo, Sri Lanka, in July. 



Erle Frayne Argonza

Who says that community-based health care systems won’t work? In the Philippines this has been an on-going effort, with the University of the Philippines leading. Couples of communities were adopted by the U.P. Manila in other regions precisely to study the effects of intervention via community organization.

Below is a news caption about a study that shows the effectiveness of community-based health care. Community-based health care has already been revolutionizing access to health care by many poor folks in the south.

Enjoy your read!

[02 August 2008, Quezon City, MetroManila. Thanks to SciDev database news.]

Community-directed healthcare ‘effective’, finds study

Abiose Adelaja

23 June 2008 | EN

In the strategy, family members help deliver drugs and administer treatment, instead of patients visiting a clinic


Community-administered healthcare is effective in combating a range of illnesses including river blindness and malaria as well as micronutrient deficiencies, according to a study of over two million people in three African countries.

The researchers say restrictive health department policies on who can administer medications should be altered so that other illnesses can be tackled in a similar fashion.

Community-directed drug intervention (CDI) has proved successful in delivering the drug Ivermectin to treat river blindness, also known as onchocerciasis. In the strategy, family members help deliver drugs and administer treatment, instead of patients visiting a clinic.

The study looked at the effectiveness of CDI in strategies to fight river blindness, later pairing it with treatments against malaria, tuberculosis and micronutrient deficiencies, in Cameroon, Nigeria and Uganda. Community dispensing of drugs, vitamin A supplements and insecticide-treated mosquito nets was compared with conventional delivery strategies over three years.

Researchers found that the number of feverish children receiving the right antimalarial treatment doubled, exceeding the 60 per cent target set by the Roll Back Malaria campaign. The use of insecticide-treated bednets also doubled.

Vitamin A supplementation coverage was also significantly higher in districts using CDI compared with those that did not. But community-directed interventions for tuberculosis proved only as effective as treatment from clinics.

Samuel Wanji, a researcher at the University of Buéa who conducted the southwest Cameroon part of the study, says the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control — linked to the WHO and with 19 health ministers on the board — has given the go-ahead to extend the use of CDI for river blindness in countries that have lower, but still significant, levels of the disease.

The expanded programme will investigate whether CDI works as well in places where disease infection is less intense, and is scheduled to begin before the end of the year. Dispensing of other medications will be added as the programme progresses.

“The study’s approach is very useful for increasing access to health and will reduce the burden on health facilities,” says Hans Remme of the WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Disease.

But a shortage of drugs and other materials remains a drawback, according to a WHO report of the study.


Link to WHO CDI report



Erle Frayne Argonza

Good morning from Manila!

A heartwarming news from India and Vietnam concerns the reduction of prices of vaccines for cholera. To recall, India is among the countries that lead in bringing down pharmaceutical costs, thus saving the day for many poorer folks in the south who are relentlessly victimized by the rent-seeking practices of Western drug companies.

Enjoy your read!

[02 August 2008, Quezon City, MetroManila]

Cheaper cholera vaccine passes pilot trial

Sanjit Bagchi

23 June 2008 | EN | 中文

The current international cholera vaccine is too expensive for developing countries


A reformulated oral vaccine against cholera promises to be an affordable and effective weapon to combat the disease for people living in endemic areas of developing countries, according to a new study.

The internationally licensed cholera vaccine currently available is too expensive for use in developing countries, where it is most needed.

Vietnam produces its own two-dose oral cholera vaccine and distributes it through its public health system at US$0.40 a dose. Nine million doses have been delivered so far.

To kick-start the process of scaling up this vaccine in developing countries around the globe, the vaccine was reformulated to comply with WHO standards.

Researchers from India, Korea and Sweden conducted a pilot trial of the vaccine at Kolkota’s Infectious Diseases Hospital in eastern India. Cholera is endemic in Kolkota.

The study evaluated the vaccine’s safety and efficacy outside Vietnam.

Participants were healthy and included 101 adults aged 18–40 years and 100 children aged 1–17 years. They received two random doses of either the vaccine or a placebo, 14 days apart.

After immunization, 53 per cent of the adults and 80 per cent of the children showed at least a four-fold increase in their antibody levels against Vibrio cholerae O1, the predominant strain of cholera-causing bacteria.

Safety tests revealed that “no adverse event occurred more frequently in the vaccinated than in the placebo group”, say the researchers. 

“Cholera affects a large number of children in developing countries, and so a vaccine that is safe and effective for children sounds impressive, and the development as a whole appears to be a step towards global rolling out of the cholera vaccine,” says Sumana Kanjilal, associate professor of paediatric medicine at Calcutta National Medical College Hospital, India.

The reformulated vaccine is now undergoing a trial in around 70,000 people in Kolkata. “If the vaccine is found to be safe and protective, this could pave the way for the use of this vaccine in the control of cholera worldwide,” the researchers write.

The study was published in PLoS ONE.  


Link to full paper in PLoS ONE



Erle Frayne Argonza

England has launched an award system recently to innovators around the world who can revolutionize stove technology. The purpose of stove innovation is to increase access of people and market end-users to energy by utilizing fuel resources available in the locality, such as coconut and wood wastes.

Below is a heartwarming news about a stove innovation from South Asia that won the award. As reported, it surely has made energy available to many people in India which lacks sufficient energy due to the rapidly rising demand for fuel.

Enjoy your read!

[29 July 2008, Quezon City, MetroManila. Thanks to SciDev database news.]


Stove projects stir up energy award success

Katherine Nightingale

20 June 2008 | EN | ES | 中文

A TIDE cooking stove in use

Ashden Awards/TIDE

Innovators bringing sustainable energy to communities in developing countries were recognised last night (19 June) at an awards ceremony held in London, United Kingdom.

Projects from Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Ethiopia, India, Tanzania and Uganda were all awarded prizes of £20,000 (around US$40,000) at the annual Ashden Awards for Sustainable Energy.

The Technology Informatics Design Endeavour (TIDE) project, which designs safer and more efficient wood-burning stoves, was crowned the overall Energy Champion, winning a £40,000 prize.

These TIDE stoves are a boon for an estimated eight million people working in small industries in southern India — for example, in textile dying, spice drying and street food vendors.

Svati Bhogle, chief executive of TIDE, said the award “gives us the motivation to venture into uncharted terrain, to first break new ground and then develop it into a beaten track”.

The stoves can use waste material such as coconut shells as well as wood. Improved heat transfer, insulation and combustion creates less heat and smoke, resulting in improved working conditions. They were designed with each industry specifically in mind, with users contributing to the development.

Bhogle said 10,500 stoves are now in use in 12 industry sectors, saving 140,000 tonnes of fuel and 200,000 tonnes of emitted carbon dioxide.

“There is a serious energy crisis in rural India, but access to energy and its efficient use, accompanied by well-conceived and well-implemented enabling mechanisms, has the potential to transform rural areas.”

Other stoves were prominent among this year’s winners. The Kisangani Smith Group in Tanzania designed a stove that uses compressed waste sawdust or rice husks, rather than expensive charcoal.

The GAIA association has opted to use ethanol fuel produced from the waste molasses of the sugar industry in their stoves, which they have distributed to Somalian refugees living in a large camp in eastern Ethiopia.

Elsewhere, both the Aryavart Gramin Bank in India and Grameen Shakti in Bangladesh — a 2006 winner and recipient of this year’s Outstanding Achievement Award — provide affordable loans for people without access to the electricity grid to install solar power in their homes.

The Ugandan project, Fruits of the Nile, harnesses the power of the sun to dry fruit.  Simple solar dryers, constructed from a wooden frame covered with plastic, let the light in, keep insects out and use natural convection.

Ashden also published a report, commissioned by the UK Department for International Development, analysing ten previous winners. More ways must be found to provide financial and human resources for innovative research and development, it concluded, with clear national energy policies to guide projects.



Erle Frayne Argonza

Magandang umaga! Good morning!

We all know how powerful and devastating are the cyclones in the Bengal region of India. As much as millions instantly become homeless whenever a powerful cyclone sweeps the area, bringing along flood waters that seem to stay forever in the affected zones.

It seems that an intervention area that could somehow alleviate problems regarding the cyclone would be better forecasting. Predicting cyclones will henceforth get a boost as state-of-the-art aircraft will be added to the list of precision equipment that will be utilized for the purpose.

Enjoy your read.

[25 July 2008, Quezon City, MetroManila]

India to employ aircraft in cyclone forecasting

T. V. Padma

2 June 2008 | EN

Meteorologists will fly aircraft into the centre of cyclones

National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration

[NEW DELHI] India is planning to fly aircraft into the centre of cyclones to gather data to predict where the storm will hit.

This is one of a series of measures to be undertaken by India’s Ministry of Earth Sciences to improve cyclone forecasting. These include increasing and enhancing space-based, land-based and ocean-based observation systems, as well as developing new forecast models.

The aircraft studies start this autumn in the Bay of Bengal as a cyclone-forecasting demonstration project, followed by a pilot phase in 2009–10 and an operational phase by 2011.

The project follows a workshop with the United States on tropical-storm forecasting, held in Delhi at the end of March 2008, where the two countries agreed to work together.

Scientists from the Indian Meteorological Department and other key institutes engaged in weather research will use aircraft reconnaissance to gather information at the cyclone’s ‘eye’ — a calm, cloudless area of 15–40 kilometres radius in the centre, where the pressure is lowest.

Data will also be collected from the surrounding ‘eyewall’, the most destructive part of the cyclone, a 16-kilometre-high belt of the strongest winds, typically exceeding 50 kilometre per hour.

These winds are driven by rapid pressure changes near the eye that dictate the movement of the storm.

In the United States, small helicopters release balloons fitted with sensors to measure wind speed, pressure and direction, and humidity in the eye and the eyewall. These data are fed into forecast models to predict the track, direction and speed of hurricanes — the Atlantic equivalent of cyclones.

But US aircraft may not be available for the Bay of Bengal project in October–November as that is the season for US hurricanes. In this case, Indian Air Force aircraft will be used.

“India currently uses data on winds outside the eye region to estimate the conditions inside and run forecast models,” says Dev Raj Sikka, chairman of the scientific advisory committee for the project. 

But 48-hour forecasts can only indicate a 250–300-kilometre belt of land where the cyclone is likely to hit. “It is difficult to evacuate such a big area in 48 hours. We need to narrow down to 100 kilometres at least,” he says.

Aircraft reconnaissance in the United States over the past 20 years has narrowed prediction of a hurricane’s path from to within 300 kilometres to within 150 kilometres. 





Erle Frayne Argonza


Putting together nanotechnology, biotechnology and bio-informatics is a new challenging area of R&D in the field of agriculture.


The experts of India, with the co-sponsorship by the state, are now into the next exciting phase of developing food production via this new integration methodology and practice. The implications of the new practice on quality control are legion, to say the least.


Happy reading.


[21 July 2003, Quezon City, MetroManila. Via SciDev update reports.]



India looks to nanotechnology to boost agriculture

M. Sreelata

16 May 2008 | EN

Nanotechnology could help water delivery systems for farming


The Indian government is looking towards nanotechnology as a means of boosting agricultural productivity in the country.

In a report released in April, the Planning Commission of India recommends nanotechnology research and development (R&D) should become one of six areas for investment.

The commission recommends policies to and carries out financial planning for government departments. The report was written by a subgroup of the commission, and will be incorporated into India’s eleventh five-year plan, for 2007–2012.

The authors recommend ways to harness nanotechnology, biotechnology and bioinformatics to transform Indian agriculture, including creating a national institute of nanotechnology in agriculture.

The report says nanotechnology such as nano-sensors and nano-based smart delivery systems could help ensure natural resources like water, nutrients and chemicals are used efficiently in agriculture. Nano-barcodes and nano-processing could also help monitor the quality of agricultural produce.

The report proposes a national consortium on nanotechnology R&D, to include the proposed national institute and Indian institutions that are already actively researching nanotechnology.

It also recommends that Indian universities and institutions develop suitable graduate and postgraduate programmes to train young scientists in nanotechnology.

Vandana Dwivedi, coordinator of the subgroup and an advisor in the Planning Commission, says implementing all the report’s recommendations will take time, though she hopes to see some of the aspects rolled out in the 2007–2012 five-year plan. No specific initiatives on nanotechnology have yet been announced.

But not everyone is impressed by the government’s plans. India should be cautious about rushing for technologies, says M. S. Swaminathan, a former head of the National Commission for Farmers and widely considered the father of India’s green revolution. 

“If technology has applications, it has limitations too. Right from the beginning it is advisable to have a national regulatory commission on nanotechnology so that people don’t get into litigation later,” he told SciDev.Net.

Swaminathan believes transferring existing technologies to farmers should take priority, saying, “We should first disseminate ordinary technology to the farmer. Even the basic know-how has not reached fields yet. The gap between scientific know-how and field level do-how remains as wide as ever.”